Among the issues about coronavirus and others, the untold truth ab Indonesian human rights issues seems to be closed without a fair decision. Many people see the government has failed to protect every human right in its territory. We can’t totally deny that a lot of human and environmental rights still have so many aspects to deal with.
During his second term of office, President Jokowi only took a tentative and small step to advance these human rights issues. Gender and religious minorities keep facing harassment and mistreatment continuously. So many authorities prosecute under a blasphemy law that ends in prison terms.
It is not only the government’s responsibility to take care of everything about human rights, but also the society has to understand how the rule works. At least, you have to know some cases that lead to human rights issues in Indonesia.
Freedom of Religion and Expression
Most of the Indonesian human rights issues are about freedom of religion and expression. People haven’t totally forgotten when policies put 3 women for professed violations toward the country’s blasphemy law in 2019. A moment later, Aisyah who has a psychosocial disability was sentenced to 5 months imprisonment after posting a blasphemous video by Serang Court.
Other than that, numerous conflicts that brings religion has been recorded from time to time. In June, the Indonesian authorities also detained Suzethe Margareta for bringing a dog into the mosque. Even though, she psychologically has a strong indication of paranoid schizophrenia.
In Medan, North Sumatra, the Supreme Court officially rejected a Buddhist woman’s appeal case of alleged blasphemy verdict. The woman, Meliana, complained the adzan or the call to prayer to Moslems. The decibel rate considered too high and loud for the other people in different religions. It happened in 2016 and end with Meliana to have 1,5 years in a prison sentence.
People Rights Over Company
A hodgepodge of poor government oversight and weak laws also has been tracked in several cases. The most outstanding cases have been documented by Human Rights Watch back then in 2019. The top two problems mostly are about the failure of the company to fulfill human rights responsibility. To get more detail about these Indonesian human rights issues, you can see these brief explanations below.
- Iban villagers had been pushed off their originated land by PT Ledo Lestari, a palm company in West Kalimantan, 2004. A decade later, this company signed an agreement with the owner of the land and will relocate their homes. Although the company located them within the oil plantation area, they didn’t pay any compensation for it. Everything has been brutally destroyed.
- In Jambi, Sumatra, the conflict is between a company vs group; PT Sari Aditya Loka 1 that didn’t adequately consult with Orang Rimba. This company didn’t even consult to reach an agreement before displacing Orang Rimba from their forests. Nowadays, numerous Orang Rimba are homeless and live in plastic tents without any livelihood support.
These issues may have been closed for a decade. However, the impact still can be seen by now. Whatever these people do to get fair treatment, it only brings them to a dead end. The main problem in Indonesian human rights issues is the smaller your status, you’ll end up being mistreatment target.