Criminal Law vs Civil law: The Definitions and the Differences

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Basically, the law is not divided into criminal law and civil law only. However, because these two laws are most related to society, they are more widely known. What is the difference between the civil law vs criminal law?

The difference between the two is quite a lot. You are required to understand both laws. Read this article to the bottom so that you can better understand it.

Understanding of Criminal Law and Civil Law

Basically, the majority of countries in the world adhere more to the European legal system. For example, Indonesia which adheres to the law of the Netherlands. This is because of the effects of colonialism carried out by the Dutch before Indonesia’s independence for hundreds of years.

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Criminal law

Criminal law is a series of written legal rules governing acts which must not be done or prohibited, in the presence of certain sanctions.

Criminal law contains the rights and interests of individuals in society. Criminal law can be interpreted with various interpretations of civil law. Criminal law imposed after a lawsuit.

In criminal law, there are two types of acts, they are:

·       Violation

Violation is an act that is only prohibited by laws and regulations. But it does not provide effects that do not affect directly to others. For instance, using a seat belt when driving a car and not using a helmet when riding a motorcycle, many other examples.

·       Crime

Crime in an action or bad behaviour which is forbidden by the rules because it is far from religious value, moral values, and even a sense of justice in the society.

Perpetrators who commit crimes will receive punishment or sanction in the form of punishment such as theft, rape, murder, and so forth.

Civil Law

Civil law is a set of laws governing the relationship between one individual and another individual. Civil law contains rules that govern inter-community relations that emphasize the interests of individuals.

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Civil law is interpreted authentically, meaning that this law can only be interpreted with one meaning according to the words contained in the law. Civil law imposed by the court without a lawsuit.

Civil law is divided into 5 groups of law, they are:

·       Family Law

Family law is the entire law that governs the provisions and rules regarding the legal relationship concerned with blood relatives and marriages.

·       Wealth Law

Property law is a law that regulates human rights and obligations that are worth money.

·       Inheritance law

Inheritance law is a law that regulates the inheritance of someone who has died given to the heirs or those entitled, such as family. Those inheritance can be play at http://104.248.154.61, should the family wish.

·       Law of Obligations

The law of engagement is the legal relationship between two or more people in the distribution of assets where one party has rights and the second party has obligations and intelligence.

Difference between Criminal Law and Civil Law

Based on the definition, both criminal law and civil law are different from one another. Criminal law is a series of written legal rules governing acts which must not be done or prohibited, in the presence of certain sanctions. Meanwhile, Civil law is a set of laws governing the relationship between one individual and another individual.

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Based on the contents, Criminal law can be interpreted with various interpretations of civil law. Civil law is interpreted authentically, meaning that this law can only be interpreted with one meaning according to the words contained in the law.

Based on the implementation, This law is imposed after a lawsuit while Civil law is imposed by the court without a lawsuit.

Some of the examples are such as land disputes, defamation, divorce, struggles for child custody, and patents, as well as many other examples. Meanwhile, Civil law examples include theft, rape, murder, corruption, misappropriation of tax funds, and drugs, and much more.

In conclusion, Criminal law aims to protect the public interest which has direct implications on society at large (general).  Where a crime is committed, adversely affects security, peace, welfare and public order in the community. Whereas Civil law is private that focuses on regulating the relationship between individuals. Therefore, the provisions in civil law only have a direct impact on the parties involved.

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